The obesity epidemic: nature via nurture - A narrative review of high income countries
journal contributionposted on 2023-08-30, 17:00 authored by Sarah E. Jackson, Clare H. Llewellyn, Lee Smith
Over the last three decades, the prevalence of obesity has increased rapidly in populations around the world. Despite a wealth of research, the relative contributions of the different mechanisms underlying this global epidemic are not fully understood. While there is growing consensus that the rapid rise in obesity prevalence has been driven by changes to the environment, it is evident that biology plays a central role in determining who develops obesity and who remains lean in the current obesogenic environment. This review summarises evidence on the extent to which genes and the environment influence energy intake and energy expenditure and as a result, contribute to the ongoing global obesity epidemic. The concept of genetic susceptibility to the environment driving human variation in body weight is discussed.
Publication titleSAGE Open Medicine
- Accepted version