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Longitudinal Relationship Between Knee Pain Status and Incident Frailty: Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative

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posted on 2023-08-30, 15:00 authored by Saad M. Bindawas, Vishal Vennu, Brendon Stubbs
Objective. Examine the longitudinal association between knee pain and pre-frailty/frailty. Design. Longitudinal study. Setting. Five clinical centers across the United States. Subjects. Data from 3,053 non-frail participants aged 45-79 years at baseline from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. Methods. According to self-reported knee pain at baseline, the participants were placed into three groups: no knee pain (n = 1,600), unilateral knee pain (n = 822), and bilateral knee pain (n = 631). Frailty status was assessed over time using the five frailty indicators (unintentional weight loss, exhaustion, weak energy, slow gait speed, and little physical activity). Based on the number of frailty indicators present, pre-frailty (1-2) and frailty (>3) were diagnosed. Generalized estimating equations logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between knee pain status and pre-frailty/frailty. Results. After adjusting for age, sex, race, education, marital status, smoking status, comorbidities, and body mass index, unilateral knee pain at baseline was associated with an increased odds of developing pre-frailty (OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.01-1.27) and frailty (OR = 1.89, 95% CI = 1.38-2.62), and bilateral knee pain at baseline was also associated with an increased risk of pre-frailty (OR = 1.41, 95% CI = 1.24-1.62) and frailty (OR = 2.21, 95% CI = 1.63-3.01) over time in comparison to no knee pain. The interaction of knee pain status by time was not significantly associated with either pre-frailty or frailty. Conclusions. Knee pain (particularly bilateral knee pain) is associated with an increased risk of developing pre-frailty and frailty over time.



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Pain Medicine




Oxford University Press

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  • Accepted version


  • eng

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ARCHIVED Faculty of Health, Social Care & Education (until September 2018)

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