Is Physical Activity Associated With Loneliness or Social Isolation In Older Adults? Results of a longitudinal analysis using the TILDA Study
journal contributionposted on 2023-08-30, 17:38 authored by Ilona McMullan, Brendan P. Bunting, Annette Burns, Lee Smith, Conor Cunningham, Roger O’Sullivan, Nicole Blackburn, Jason Wilson, Mark A. Tully
Social relationships are central to the health and well-being of older adults. Evidence exploring the association of physical activity (PA) with social isolation and loneliness is limited. This study uses a path analysis to investigate the longitudinal association between loneliness and social isolation with PA using the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing. Higher levels of social isolation measured using the Berkman–Syme Social Network Index were directly and indirectly associated with lower levels of walking, moderate PA, and vigorous PA over 6 years. Additionally, higher levels of walking were associated with lower levels of loneliness measured using a modified version of the University of California, Los Angeles loneliness scale over a 3-year period. Future interventions should target individuals who are more socially isolated and explore the effects of different types of PA on loneliness over time.
Publication titleJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
- Accepted version