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Trust Deficit in Surgical Systems in an Urban Slum in India Under Universal Health Coverage: A Mixed Method Study

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posted on 2023-07-26, 16:03 authored by Kranti Vora, Shahin Saiyed, Dileep Mavalankar, Lyndsay S. Baines, Rahul M. Jindal
Objectives: We carried out a mixed method study to understand why patients did not avail of surgical care in an urban slum in India. Methods: In our earlier study, we found that out of 10,330 people, 3.46% needed surgery; 42% did not avail of surgery (unmet needs). We conducted a follow-up study to understand reasons for not availing surgery, 141 in met needs, 91 in unmet needs. We administered 2 instruments, 16 in-depth interviews and 1 focused group discussion. Results: Responses from the 2 groups for “the Socio-culturally Competent Trust in Physician Scale for a Developing Country Setting” scale did not have significant difference except for, prescription of medicines, patients with unmet needs were less likely to agree (p = 0.076). Results between 2 groups regarding “Patient perceptions of quality” did not show significant difference except for doctors answering questions where a higher proportion of unmet need group agreed (p = 0.064). Similar observations were made in the in depth interviews and focus group. Conclusion: There is a need for understanding trust issues with health service delivery related to surgical care for marginalized populations.



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International Journal of Public Health



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Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine & Social Care

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