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Total endoluminal repair of aorto-oesophageal fistula
journal contributionposted on 2023-07-26, 15:55 authored by Sarina Vara, Naga V. Jayanthi, Vijay Gadhvi, Ankur Thapar
A woman in her 50s presented to the Emergency Department, following massive haematemesis, having swallowed a single tooth denture 3 years previously. Endoscopy initially revealed profuse bleeding at 20cm from the incisors, initially treated with an oesophageal covered stent. Following ongoing haematemesis, a thoracic and abdominal CT angiogram demonstrated an aorto-oesophageal fistula, which was successfully treated with a thoracic endograft and left tube thoracostomy. The patient remains well to 1 year. This is the first case to demonstrate successful use of covered stents in both the aorta to stop exsanguination, as well as the oesophagus to prevent mediastinitis and avoid the need for thoracotomy and hypothermic circulatory arrest in a critically ill patient.
Publication titleBMJ Case Reports