Anglia Ruskin University
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Sources and flow of healthcare built environment design evidence

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-30, 18:39 authored by Nadeeshani Wanigarathna, Fred Sherratt, Andrew D. F. Price, Simon Austin
Purpose: A substantial amount of research argues that built environmental interventions can improve the outcomes of patients and other users of healthcare facilities, supporting the concept of evidence-based design (EBD). However, the sources of such evidence and its flow into healthcare design are less well understood. This paper aims to provide insights to both the sources and flow of EBD used in three healthcare projects, to reveal practicalities of use and the relationships between them in practice. Design/methodology/approach: Three healthcare case study projects provided empirical data on the design of a number of different elements. Inductive thematic analysis was used to identify the source and flow of evidence used in this design, which was subsequently quantised to reveal the dominant patterns therein. Findings: Healthcare design teams use evidence from various sources, the knowledge and experience of the members of the design team being the most common due to both ease of access and thus flow. Practice-based research and peer-reviewed published research flow both directly and indirectly into the design process, whilst collaborations with researchers and research institutions nurture the credibility of the latter. Practical implications: The findings can be used to enhance activities that aim to design, conduct and disseminate future EBD research to improve their flow to healthcare designers. Originality/value: This research contributes to understandings of EBD by exploring the flow of research from various sources in conflation and within real-life environments.



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Built Environment Project and Asset Management





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  • Accepted version


  • eng

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Faculty of Science & Engineering

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