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Some Implications of a Copy Theory of Labeling
journal contributionposted on 2023-07-26, 13:52 authored by Michelle Sheehan
A copy theory of labeling makes interesting empirical predictions when combined with a revised version of Kayne‟s (1994) Linear Correspondence Axiom (LCA) and a category- based version of c-command. Firstly, it forces the pronunciation of the highest copy in a chain, all else being equal, without the need for copy deletion. Secondly, it predicts certain differences between (i) underlying vs. derived head-initial specifiers, and (ii) head-final vs. head-initial specifiers. This serves to extend Uriagereka‟s (1999) PF-based explanation of Huang‟s Condition on Extraction Domain (CED) to cover previously problematic or unexplained phenomena: (i) the apparent lack of subject-island effects with head-final specifiers; (ii) the non-islandhood of many derived specifiers (externally merged as complements); (iii) patterns of complement extraposition; and (iv) the Final-over-Final Constraint (cf. Holmberg 2000, Biberauer, Holmberg & Roberts 2007, to appear). All of the above phenomena arise under CoL as side-effects of a revised version of Kayne‟s (1994) Linear Correspondence Axiom incorporating a head-parameter, whereby asymmetric c-command, defined between categories and unmediated by dominance, maps to precedence as a last resort.