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Resistance and Empowerment Against Racism: A Preregistered Study of Associations with Body Appreciation and Body Acceptance by Others in Racialised Minority Adults in the United Kingdom
journal contributionposted on 2023-09-01, 15:23 authored by Jamie Chan, Nadia Craddock, Viren Swami
Research on body image and racism has largely focused on how individual experiences of racism are associated with detrimental body image outcomes. However, research has not yet examined how resistance and empowerment against racism (REAR) – a repertoire of proactive strategies aimed at preventing or challenging racism both at the individual and collective levels – shape positive body image outcomes. Here, 236 women and 233 men who identified as belonging to racialised minority groups in the United Kingdom completed the REAR Scale – which measures REAR along four dimensions – as well as measures of body appreciation and body acceptance by others. Correlational analyses indicated significant inter-correlations between nearly all REAR domains and body image-related variables in men, whereas relationships in women were largely non-significant. Linear model analyses indicated that greater leadership for resistance against racism was significantly associated with higher body appreciation in women and men. Greater interpersonal confrontation of racism was significantly associated with both body appreciation and body acceptance by others in men, but not in women. These results suggest that REAR may play a role in shaping body image-related outcomes in people of colour, but that these effects are also be shaped by the intersection of gender and race.
Publication titleBody Image
- Accepted version