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ReliabilityOfGazeContingentPerimetry_ThomasEtAl2023.pdf (1.62 MB)

Reliability of gaze-contingent perimetry

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posted on 2023-10-27, 15:05 authored by Nikita Thomas, Jennifer H Acton, Jonathan T Erichsen, Tony Redmond, Matt J Dunn

Standard automated perimetry, a psychophysical task performed routinely in eyecare clinics, requires observers to maintain fixation for several minutes at a time in order to measure visual field sensitivity. Detection of visual field damage is confounded by eye movements, making the technique unreliable in poorly attentive individuals and those with pathologically unstable fixation, such as nystagmus. Microperimetry, which utilizes ‘partial gaze-contingency’ (PGC), aims to counteract eye movements but only corrects for gaze position errors prior to each stimulus onset. Here, we present a novel method of visual field examination in which stimulus position is updated during presentation, which we refer to as ‘continuous gaze-contingency’ (CGC). In the first part of this study, we present three case examples that demonstrate the ability of CGC to measure the edges of the physiological blind spot in infantile nystagmus with greater accuracy than PGC and standard ‘no gaze-contingency’ (NoGC), as initial proof-of-concept for the utility of the paradigm in measurements of absolute scotomas in these individuals. The second part of this study focused on healthy observers, in which we demonstrate that CGC has the lowest stimulus positional error (gaze-contingent precision: CGC = ± 0.29°, PGC = ± 0.54°, NoGC = ± 0.81°). CGC test–retest variability was shown to be at least as good as both PGC and NoGC. Overall, CGC is supported as a reliable method of visual field examination in healthy observers. Preliminary findings demonstrate the spatially accurate estimation of visual field thresholds related to retinal structure using CGC in individuals with infantile nystagmus.



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Publication title

Behavior Research Methods




Springer Science and Business Media LLC


United States

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  • Published version


  • eng

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Journal Article

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Affiliated with

  • Vision and Eye Research Institute (VERI) Outputs