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Primary angiosarcoma of aorta: A systematic review

journal contribution
posted on 2023-09-01, 15:08 authored by Ali Kordzadeh, Alan Askari, Ali Navi, Sandeep Patel, Ali D Parsa, Alexandros Charalabopoulos
Purpose: To elucidate the epidemiology, anatomical, presentation, classification, pathology, investigative modalities, management and prognosis of primary angiosarcoma of the aorta. Material and Methods: A systematic review of literature from the database inception to January 2021 in PubMed and Embase, CINAHL and Cochrane Library in accordance to PRISMA was conducted. Retrieval and extraction was performed by two independent reviewers. The hierarchy of the evidence was assessed through the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Checklist. Data were subjected to pooled prevalence analysis, Kaplan–Meier survival and test of probability using log-rank analysis. This review is registered with International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews: RD42021231314. Results: 82 studies with n = 123 cases met the inclusion criterion. Abdominal (45%) aorta was the commonest anatomical site with female predominance in ascending aorta (4:1) and aortic arch (2:1). The longest survival was in the ascending aorta and the shortest in the abdominal aorta [540 (interquartile range [IQR], 7–1560 days vs. 180 (IQR, 1–5730 days)], respectively. The overall median survival was 210 days (IQR, 1–5730 days) or 7 months. Lack of metastasis (47%) was a marker of longer survival (p < 0.03) irrespective of other attributes. Conclusion: The pathophysiology appears to be a trend of increasing fatigue, fever and weight loss associated with segmental dysfunction of the aorta projecting occlusive or destructive phenotypes. Computed tomography angiography features of volume-occupying, bulky, polypoid (intraluminal), protrusive vegetation, hyper vascular without atherosclerotic lesions are extremely suggestive of PA of the aorta at 5th and 6th decades of life.



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SAGE Publications

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Faculty of Arts, Humanities & Social Sciences