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Prevalence of and factors associated with long-term sick leave in working-age adults with osteoarthritis: a retrospective cohort study conducted in Germany
journal contributionposted on 2023-09-01, 14:59 authored by Louis Jacob, Ai Koyanagi, Josep Maria Haro, Jae Il Shin, Lee Smith, Marcel Konrad, Karel Kostev
Purpose: Little is known about the impact of osteoarthritis on the long-term work participation of working-age adults. Therefore, the goal of this study was to investigate the prevalence of and the factors associated with long-term sick leave in people newly diagnosed with osteoarthritis from Germany. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients aged 18-65 years diagnosed with osteoarthritis for the first time (index date) in 1 of 1198 general practices in Germany between 2016 and 2019 (Disease Analyzer database, IQVIA). Patients were considered to be on long-term sick leave if they were absent from work for medical reasons for more than 42 days in the year following the index date. Independent variables included sociodemographic characteristics, type of osteoarthritis, and frequent comorbidities. The association between these variables and long-term sick leave (dependent variable) was studied using an adjusted logistic regression model. Results: This study included 51,034 patients with osteoarthritis [mean (standard deviation) age 50.8 (9.2) years; 50.9% women]. The prevalence of long-term sick leave was 36.2%. Younger age and male sex were positively and significantly associated with long-term sick leave compared with older age and female sex, respectively. There was also a strong relationship between several comorbidities (e.g., reaction to severe stress, and adjustment disorders, gastritis and duodenitis, and depression) with long-term sick leave. Conclusions: The prevalence of long-term sick leave was high in this sample of patients newly diagnosed with osteoarthritis from Germany. In this context, interventions should be implemented to increase the long-term working participation of people with osteoarthritis.
Publication titleInternational Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
- Accepted version