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Modeling the prognostic impact of circulating tumor cells enumeration in metastatic breast cancer for clinical trial design simulation

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posted on 2024-03-19, 14:35 authored by Lorenzo Gerratana, Jean-Yves Pierga, James M Reuben, Andrew A Davis, Firas H Wehbe, Luc Dirix, Tanja Fehm, Franco Nolé, Rafael Gisbert-Criado, Dimitrios Mavroudis, Salvatore Grisanti, Jose A Garcia-Saenz, Justin Stebbing, Carlos Caldas, Paola Gazzaniga, Luis Manso, Rita Zamarchi, Marta Bonotto, Angela Fernandez de Lascoiti, Leticia De Mattos-Arruda, Michail Ignatiadis, Maria-Teresa Sandri, Daniele Generali, Carmine De Angelis, Sarah-Jane Dawson, Wolfgang Janni, Vicente Carañana, Sabine Riethdorf, Erich-Franz Solomayer, Fabio Puglisi, Mario Giuliano, Klaus Pantel, François-Clément Bidard, Massimo Cristofanilli

Despite the strong prognostic stratification of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) enumeration in metastatic breast cancer (MBC), current clinical trials usually do not include a baseline CTCs in their design. This study aimed to generate a classifier for CTCs prognostic simulation in existing datasets for hypothesis generation in patients with MBC. A K-nearest neighbor machine learning algorithm was trained on a pooled dataset comprising 2436 individual MBC patients from the European Pooled Analysis Consortium and the MD Anderson Cancer Center to identify patients likely to have CTCs ≥ 5/7 mL blood (StageIVaggressive vs StageIVindolent). The model had a 65.1% accuracy and its prognostic impact resulted in a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.89 (Simulatedaggressive vs SimulatedindolentP < .001), similar to patients with actual CTCs enumeration (HR 2.76; P < .001). The classifier’s performance was then tested on an independent retrospective database comprising 446 consecutive hormone receptor (HR)-positive HER2-negative MBC patients. The model further stratified clinical subgroups usually considered prognostically homogeneous such as patients with bone-only or liver metastases. Bone-only disease classified as Simulatedaggressive had a significantly worse overall survival (OS; P < .0001), while patients with liver metastases classified as Simulatedindolent had a significantly better prognosis (P < .0001). Consistent results were observed for patients who had undergone CTCs enumeration in the pooled population. The differential prognostic impact of endocrine- (ET) and chemotherapy (CT) was explored across the simulated subgroups. No significant differences were observed between ET and CT in the overall population, both in terms of progression-free survival (PFS) and OS. In contrast, a statistically significant difference, favoring CT over ET was observed among Simulatedaggressive patients (HR: 0.62; P = .030 and HR: 0.60; P = .037, respectively, for PFS and OS).

History

Refereed

  • Yes

Volume

27

Issue number

7

Page range

e561-e570

Publication title

The Oncologist

ISSN

1083-7159

Publisher

Oxford University Press (OUP)

Location

England

File version

  • Published version

Language

  • eng

Item sub-type

Journal Article

Media of output

Print

Affiliated with

  • School of Life Sciences Outputs