Anglia Ruskin Research Online (ARRO)
Browse
1/1
2 files

Leisure-time physical activity and sarcopenia among older adults from low- and middle-income countries

journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-30, 20:27 authored by Louis Jacob, Razak Gyasi, Hans Oh, Lee Smith, Karel Kostev, Guillermo Lopez-Sanchez, Masoud Rahmati, Josep Maria Haro, Mark Tully, Jae Il Shin, Dong Keon Yon, Ai Koyanagi
Background There are no data on the association between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and sarcopenia in older adults from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study aimed to investigate the association between LTPA and sarcopenia in individuals aged ≥65 years living in six LMICs. Methods Cross-sectional data from the Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa) were analysed. Sarcopenia referred to the presence of both low skeletal muscle mass and weak handgrip strength. LTPA was assessed using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire and was analysed as a dichotomized variable [high LTPA (>150 min/week of moderate-to-vigorous LTPA) or low LTPA (≤150 min/week)]. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess associations. Results There were 14 585 individuals included in this study [mean (SD) age 72.6 (11.5) years; 55.0% women]. The prevalence of high LTPA and sarcopenia was 8.9% and 12.0%, respectively. After adjusting for potential confounders, low LTPA was significantly associated with higher odds for sarcopenia [prevalence odds ratio (POR) = 1.85, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.29–2.65] compared with high LTPA. Significant associations were found in women (POR = 3.22, 95% CI = 1.82–5.68) but not in men (POR = 1.52, 95% CI = 0.99–2.35). Conclusions A positive and significant association between low LTPA and sarcopenia was found among older adults from LMICs. The promotion of LTPA among older adults in LMICs may aid in the prevention of sarcopenia, especially among females, pending future longitudinal research.

History

Refereed

  • Yes

Volume

14

Issue number

2

Page range

1130-1138

Publication title

Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle

ISSN

2190-6009

Publisher

Wiley

File version

  • Accepted version

Language

  • eng

Legacy posted date

2023-02-17

Legacy creation date

2023-02-17

Legacy Faculty/School/Department

Faculty of Science & Engineering

Usage metrics

    ARU Outputs

    Categories

    No categories selected

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC