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Knowledge, attitude, and practice of diabetes in patients with and without sight‑threatening diabetic retinopathy from two secondary eye care centres in India

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posted on 2024-01-16, 10:21 authored by Raju SapkotaRaju Sapkota, Anupama Biswas, Rajiv Raman, Durgasri JaisankarDurgasri Jaisankar, Sanjiv AhluwaliaSanjiv Ahluwalia, Shahina PardhanShahina Pardhan

Background/Aims: Good knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) of diabetes influence its control and complications. We examined the KAP of diabetes in patients with sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy (STDR) and non-sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy (NSTDR) attending two different referral hospitals in India.

Methods: 400 consecutive patients (mean age = 58.5 years ± 10.3) with diabetic retinopathy attending retina referral clinics in Chennai (private) and Darjeeling (public) were recruited. A validated questionnaire on diabetic KAP was administered in English or the local language. Data were analysed using an established scalar-scoring method in which a score of 1 was assigned to the correct answer/healthy lifestyle and 0 to an incorrect answer/unhealthy lifestyle/practice. Clinical data included fasting blood sugar, blood pressure, retinopathy, and visual acuity. Retinopathy was graded as STDR/NSTDR from retinal images using Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study criteria.

Results: Usable data from 383 participants (95.8%) were analysed. Of these, 83 (21.7%) had STDR, and 300 (78.3%) had NSTDR. The NSTDR group reported a significantly lower total KAP score (mean rank = 183.4) compared to the STDR group (mean rank = 233.1), z = -3.0, p < 0.001. A significantly greater percentage in the NSTDR group reported to being unaware that diabetes could affect eyes, did not know about possible treatment for DR, and checked their blood sugar less frequently than once a month.

Conclusion: Patients who had not developed STDR had poorer KAP about diabetes and diabetes-related eye diseases. This is an important issue to address as the risk of their progressing to STDR is high unless appropriate steps to improve their knowledge/awareness and lifestyle practice are introduced early.



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BMC Public Health




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