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How does the extent of central visual field loss affect adaptive gait?

journal contribution
posted on 2023-07-26, 13:55 authored by Matthew A. Timmis, Amy C. Scarfe, Shahina Pardhan
Visual impairment is one of the most important clinical risk factors associated with falls. Currently it remains unclear whether adaptive gait is progressively affected as the extent of central visual field loss (CFL) increases, or when CFL exceeds a certain size. 10 participants (aged 22 ± 3 years) negotiated a floor based obstacle in full vision (no occlusion) and wearing custom made contact lenses which simulated 10° CFL and 20° CFL. Movement kinematics assessed the period immediately prior to and during obstacle crossing. In the 20° CFL condition, participants exhibited adaptations in gait which were consistent with being more cautious and more variable during the approach to and crossing of the obstacle, when compared to both 10° CFL and full vision conditions. Specifically, in the 20° CFL condition participants placed their lead foot further from the obstacle, lifted both their lead and trail feet higher and slower over the obstacle, and took longer to negotiate the obstacle when compared to the 10° CFL and full vision conditions. Data highlights differences in adaptive gait as a function of the extent of CFL when compared to full vision. More importantly, these adaptations were only associated with loss of the central 20° of the visual field, suggesting that gait is compromised only after central visual field loss exceeds a certain level.

History

Refereed

  • Yes

Volume

44

Page range

55-60

Publication title

Gait and Posture

ISSN

1879-2219

Publisher

Elsevier

Language

  • other

Legacy posted date

2016-10-03

Legacy creation date

2016-09-13

Legacy Faculty/School/Department

ARCHIVED Faculty of Science & Technology (until September 2018)

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