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Frequency and Clinical Impact of Anticholinergic Burden in older patients: Comparing older patients with and without chronic kidney disease
journal contributionposted on 2023-09-01, 15:21 authored by Serkan Yildiz, Cihan Heybeli, Pinar Soysal, Lee Smith, Nicola Veronese, Rumeyza Kazancioglu
Aim: This study aimed to determine the frequency and impact of anticholinergic burden in older adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and compare the results to older adults without CKD. Method: Age- and sex-matched older adults (age ≥60) were selected from a total cohort of 1557 subjects, and grouped as CKD (n=589) and Non-CKD (n=589). Groups were compared for the frequency, type of anticholinergic agents, and their effects on comprehensive geriatric assessment parameters. The anticholinergic burden was assessed using the anticholinergic burden (ACB) scale. An ACB of ≥2 was categorized as high anticholinergic burden. Results: The mean age of the partients was 81±6, and 66% were female. More patients in the CKD group experienced a high anticholinergic burden (45%, versus 38%, p=0.015). Patients with CKD were more likely to receive beta blocker (25% versus 19%, p=0.018), diuretic (19% versus 6%, p<0.001), while those who did not have CKD were more likely to be treated with dopaminergic agents (8% versus 12%, p=0.039). A high anticholinergic burden was associated with sarcopenia (OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.10-2.38, p=0.015), geriatric depression scale (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.02-2.20, p=0.037), and polypharmacy (OR 4.05, 95% CI 2.38-6.90, p<0.001), after adjustment for age, sex and comorbidities in the CKD group (p<0.05). Conclusion: Older patients with CKD are more likely to be exposed to drugs with anticholinergic effects, but have less clinical implications than those without CKD. A high anticholinergic burden is associated with polypharmacy, depression and sarcopenia in CKD.
Publication titleArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
- Accepted version