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Ethno-racial variation in psychotic experiences in the United States: Findings from the National Latino and Asian American Survey and the National Survey of American Life

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posted on 2023-11-20, 12:12 authored by Hans Oh, Juliann Li Verdugo, Nicole Karcher, Els Van der Ven, Ai Koyanagi, Lee Smith, Jordan DeVylder

Background: Ethno-racial differences in psychosis risk are documented; however, there is less research on whether these differences extend to sub-threshold psychotic experiences, and whether there is significant variation within ethno-racial categories.

Methods: We analyzed data from the National Latino and Asian American Survey (NLAAS) and the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Using multivariable logistic regression, we examined the association between race/ethnicity and lifetime psychotic experiences among Latino, Asian, and Black adults in the general population, adjusting for gender, age, nativity, education level, income level, employment status, and everyday discrimination.

Results: Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and other Hispanics had greater odds of lifetime psychotic experiences when compared with Mexicans, though differences diminished when adjusting for covariates. Filipino and other Asians had greater odds of lifetime psychotic experiences when compared with Chinese, though again, differences diminished when adjusting for covariates. Among Black Americans, there were no significant ethnic subgroup differences.

Conclusion: Ethno-racial differences extend across the psychosis continuum. There are nuanced health profiles across and within ethno-racial categories. Differences may be attributable to differences in experiences living in the US, underscoring the need for community-specific interventions.

History

Refereed

  • Yes

Volume

262

Page range

55-59

Publication title

Schizophrenia Research

ISSN

0920-9964

Publisher

Elsevier

File version

  • Published version

Item sub-type

Article

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  • School of Psychology and Sport Science Outputs

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