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Environmental Benefits of Sleep Apnoea Detection in the Home Environment

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-09-21, 13:10 authored by Ragab Barika, Heather Elphick, Ningrong Lei, Hajar Razaghi, Oliver Faust

Sleep Apnoea (SA) is a common chronic illness that affects nearly 1 billion people around the world, and the number of patients is rising. SA causes a wide range of psychological and physiological ailments that have detrimental effects on a patient’s wellbeing. The high prevalence and negative health effects make SA a public health problem. Whilst the current gold standard diagnostic procedure, polysomnography (PSG), is reliable, it is resource-expensive and can have a negative impact on sleep quality, as well as the environment. With this study, we focus on the environmental impact that arises from resource utilisation during SA detection, and we propose remote monitoring (RM) as a potential solution that can improve the resource efficiency and reduce travel. By reusing infrastructure technology, such as mobile communication, cloud computing, and artificial intelligence (AI), RM establishes SA detection and diagnosis support services in the home environment. However, there are considerable barriers to a widespread adoption of this technology. To gain a better understanding of the available technology and its associated strength, as well as weaknesses, we reviewed scientific papers that used various strategies for RM-based SA detection. Our review focused on 113 studies that were conducted between 2018 and 2022 and that were listed in Google Scholar. We found that just over 50% of the proposed RM systems incorporated real time signal processing and around 20% of the studies did not report on this important aspect. From an environmental perspective, this is a significant shortcoming, because 30% of the studies were based on measurement devices that must travel whenever the internal buffer is full. The environmental impact of that travel might constitute an additional need for changing from offline to online SA detection in the home environment.

History

Refereed

  • Yes

Volume

10

Issue number

9

Page range

1739-1739

Publication title

Processes

ISSN

2227-9717

Publisher

MDPI AG

File version

  • Published version

Language

  • eng

Item sub-type

Review

Affiliated with

  • School of Computing and Information Science Outputs