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Dyadic nonverbal synchrony during pre and post music therapy interventions and its relationship to self-reported therapy readiness
journal contributionposted on 2023-07-26, 15:58 authored by Sun Sun Yap, Fabian T. Ramseyer, Jörg C. Fachner, Clemens Maidhof, Wolfgang Tschacher, Gerhard Tucek
Nonverbal interpersonal synchronization has been established as an important factor in therapeutic relationships, and the differentiation of who leads the interaction appears to provide further important information. We investigated nonverbal synchrony – quantified as the coordination of body movement between patient and therapist. This was observed in music therapy dyads, while engaged in verbal interaction before and after a music intervention in the session. We further examined associations with patients’ self-reported therapy readiness at the beginning of the session. Eleven neurological in-patients participated in this study. Our results showed an increase in both nonverbal synchrony and patient leading after the music intervention. A significant negative correlation was found between self-reported therapy readiness and nonverbal synchrony after the music intervention. These findings point to the empathic ability of the music therapist to sense patients’ therapy readiness. Higher patient leading in nonverbal synchrony after the music intervention may thus indicate that the music intervention may have allowed dyadic entrainment to take place, potentially increasing self-regulation and thus empowering patients.
Publication titleFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
- Published version