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Development of a harmonised method for the profiling of amphetamines: IV. Optimisation of sample preparation
journal contributionposted on 2023-07-26, 12:32 authored by Kjell Andersson, Kaisa Jalava, Eric Lock, Henk Huizer, Elisabet Kaa, Alvaro Lopes, Anneke Poortman-van der Meer, Michael D. Cole, Johan Dahlén, Erkki Sippola
The suitability of liquid–liquid extraction (LLE) and solid-phase extraction (SPE) for the preparation of impurity extracts intended for gas chromatographic profiling analyses of amphetamine were evaluated. Both techniques were optimised with respect to the extraction of selected target compounds by use of full factorial designs in which the variables affecting the performance were evaluated. Test samples consisted of amphetamine synthesised by the Leuckart reaction, by reductive amination of benzyl methyl ketone and by the nitrostyrene route. The performance of LLE and SPE were comparable in terms of repeatability and recovery of the target compounds. LLE was considered the better choice for the present harmonised amphetamine profiling method due to the lack of information on the long-term stability of SPE columns.
Publication titleForensic Science International