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Association between antiepileptic drugs and incident Parkinson’s disease among patients followed in German primary care practices
journal contributionposted on 2023-07-26, 16:10 authored by Karel Kostev, Corinna Doege, Louis Jacob, Lee Smith, Ai Koyanagi, Celina Gollop, Anette Schrag
Background: The aim of this study was to analyze whether prescriptions of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are significantly associated with an increased incidence of Parkinson’s disease (PD) in the German population. Methods: This study used data from German primary care practices found in the Disease Analyzer database (IQVIA) and included all patients aged ≥18 years who were diagnosed with PD between January 2010 and December 2021 (index date). The controls were patients without PD matched (1:1) by age, sex, and pre-diagnostic observation time in years. Associations between AED prescriptions (any AED as well as separate evaluations for carbamazepine, lamotrigine, levetiracetam, sodium valproate, gabapentin, and pregabalin) and subsequent diagnosis of PD were examined using a logistic regression model adjusted for epilepsy, restless legs syndrome, and neuropathy diagnoses. Results: We identified 24,950 cases that were matched with 24,950 controls (mean age 75.2 years, 47.3% women). Diagnoses of epilepsy, restless legs syndrome, and neuropathy as well as AED prescription were significantly associated with an increased incidence of PD. In the multivariate analysis, incidence of PD was significantly associated with epilepsy (OR: 1.91; 95% CI: 1.69–2.15), restless legs syndrome (OR: 3.02; 95% CI: 2.73–3.34), and neuropathy (OR: 1.53; 95% CI: 1.44–1.62)), as well as the prescription of any AED (OR: 1.43; 95% CI: 1.33–1.53), sodium valproate (OR: 2.39; 95% CI: 1.84–3.11), gabapentin (OR: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.22–1.52), and pregabalin (OR: 1.28; 95% CI: 1.15–1.41). Conclusion: Prescriptions of AEDs, including sodium valproate, gabapentin, and pregabalin, were associated with an increased risk of subsequent PD, even after adjustment for underlying diagnoses. Further studies are needed to confirm the present results.
Publication titleBrain Sciences
- Published version