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A phase II study of monalizumab in patients with recurrent/metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: The I1 cohort of the EORTC-HNCG-1559 UPSTREAM trial

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posted on 2023-07-26, 15:34 authored by Rachel Galot, Christophe Le Tourneau, Esma Saada-Bouzid, Amaury Daste, Caroline Even, Philip R. Debruyne, Stéphanie Henry, Sylvie Zanetta, Anemie Rutten, Lisa Licitra, Jean-Luc Canon, Marie-Christine Kaminsky, Pol Specenier, Sylvie Rottey, Joël Guigay, Anthony Kong, Inge Tinhofer, Edith Borcoman, Lieve Dirix, Tiana Raveloarivahy, Catherine Fortpied, Maureen Vanlancker, Marie Morfouace, Anne-Sophie Govaerts, Jean-Pascal Machiels
Purpose- Monalizumab is a monoclonal antibody targeting the inhibitory natural killer group 2A (NKG2A) receptor localised on natural killer (NK) and T cells. Its ligand, the human leukocyte antigen E (HLA-E), is overexpressed in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). By targeting the HLA-E-NKG2A pathway, monalizumab may enhance NK and T cell activity. Experimental design- The UPSTREAM trial is a biomarker-driven umbrella trial studying targeted therapies and immunotherapies in patients with recurrent/metastatic (R/M) SCCHN progressing after platinum therapy. The immunotherapy 1 (I1) cohort was a phase II, single-arm substudy evaluating monalizumab (10 mg/kg intravenously on day 1 of a 14-day cycle). The primary end-point was the objective response (OR) rate (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours 1.1) over the first 16 weeks. A two-stage Simon design was used (H1 15%, H0 3%, α 8%, power 90%) with pre-planned interruption of accrual if no OR was observed after the first 25 patients. Results- Twenty-six eligible patients were enrolled. Seventeen (65%) patients had received ≥2 previous lines of systemic treatment, and 15 (58%) patients were PD(-L)1 inhibitor pretreated. No OR was observed. Stable disease was observed in 6 patients (23%) with a median duration of 3.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.7–NE). The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 1.7 months (95% CI: 1.5–1.8) and 6.7 months (95% CI: 3.0–9.6), respectively. The most frequent treatment-related adverse event was grade I/II fatigue (19%). Conclusions- Monalizumab monotherapy has limited activity in R/M SCCHN. The I1 cohort did not meet its primary objective. Monalizumab combined with durvalumab is under investigation within UPSTREAM.



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European Journal of Cancer Care




John Wiley & Sons


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Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine & Social Care

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